With 10,000 stems of sukuma wiki currently, his target is 30,000 in the coming season. I have grown Sukuma wiki from the year 2009 to 2019. This year (2020) I decided to give it a break…. They are available year-round, but are tastier and more nutritious in the cold months, after the first frost. If that is not possible, you can dig drainage channels to remove excess water from the farm. Controlling pest are a continuous battle in our gardens. If you’d like to read it, follow this link. However, when you consider a combination of other factors of Collards Southern Georgia Sukuma Wiki, it trumps all the other kale varieties. Once you harvest a block, don’t harvest it again until one week is over. Sukuma wiki is a typical Kenyan dish; simple with few ingredients and packed full of nutrients. They may die due to pest attack, rotting, or injury as you do your farming operations. The yields that I have mentioned at the beginning of this story will be a pipe dream. They often recommend that you space Sukuma wiki at 60 cm X 60 cm. The close spacing helps the plants to form a thick canopy that suppresses weeds and prevents excessive evaporation thus increasing your yield threefold. Nevertheless, this variety has a major handicap. If the farm needs weeding, pest control, and other activities, you can do that after the harvest. The Sukuma refer to themselves as Basukuma (plural) and Nsukuma (singular). I know you are asking can I replant the spaces with new kale plants? If possible, use organic matter such as manure and compost in kale production while supplementing them with inorganic fertilizers. Leaving fallow infested fields during dry weather. As you read, I am going to destroy TWO myths the academia has on Sukuma wiki growing in Kenya. Before I explain why I endorse Collards southern Georgia, let me tell you my experience with the other two varieties. Not only does the fiber help in digestion it also creates a more satiated feeling hence reduce the need for binge. Should any plants die during the growth period, you’ll still have an economical plant population left behind—you won’t have big spaces in-between plants. In the Congo, Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya (East Africa), thinly sliced colewort are the main accompaniments of a popular dish known as Ugali (also sometimes called sima, sembe or posho), a corn flour cake. The daily Nation ran his story of how he earns thousands of shillings from Kale farming. Start with the mature lower leaves. Though it uses a lot of water, overhead irrigation creates a micro-climate for kale during the hot weather. The best and only way to control the disease is to grow your kale in a well drained area. Never do that. Should you be unable to harvest the whole farm, divide it into 7 blocks. It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour).. On the other hand, if you adopt a spacing of 15 cm X 40 cm, you get a plant population of 59,000 plants. A farmer can harvest 70 and 90kg bags every day. However, the extended use of such fertilizers is detrimental to your kale farm. The disease is easily spread from plant to plant through splashing of raindrops, knives, hands etc. Control. Then you can look for a market and do a budget. It is also moderately sensitive to salinity. It does not store well so only harvest what you can sell that day. If something is that expensive don’t you think it should be rather so good? Les Sukuma sont une population bantoue d'Afrique australe, le premier groupe ethnique de Tanzanie, soit près de 6 millions de personnes. If you harvest the young top leaves, you’ll be harvesting tomorrow’s harvest today while leaving today’s harvest to go to waste. When you add overharvesting, the plant will be truly stressed to regenerate new growth faster. Sukuma | Community Transformation. Before you start a business, find out if your soil is good for sukuma wiki, and which variety will grow best. Sukuma Wiki Health Benefits. When it’s too dry you may have to harvest 3 leaves per plant. Alternatively, semiochemical substances have been tested to enhance biological control, with inconsistent results. The kale (Sukuma wiki) is a member of the cabbage family with a wide ecological adaptability. Your email address will not be published. About two years ago, I bought 10 grams of the seed for Ksh 150. The problem of adopting this spacing is that you get a plant population of 11,200 plants for 1 acre. Manual or semi-mechanical weeding can be done to remove the weeds. You’ll see the outcome in the way people will be rushing to place orders. Never make inorganic fertilizers the foundation of your kale production especially in the dry season as that is the recipe for producing bitter kale. Farmers in Embu may soon adopt biological methods to control pests for sukuma wiki, sorghum, tomatoes and bees. Control of disease depends on sanitary practices; treat seeds with hot water prior to planting; rotate crops; plant in an area with good soil drainage; remove all cruciferous weeds which may act as … If you eat a lot of kales, … This farming app is designed to provide vital information for crops and livestock farmers. Required fields are marked *. Don’t do it even if you are offered money. RELATED STORY: Production of Kales (Sukuma wiki) and Onions Using Bucket Drip Irrigation. The Collards Southern Georgia Sukuma Wiki/Kale Variety. Thriving of the black rot disease that can exterminate a Sukuma wiki farm in days. The good news about it is that Kale will respond in kind by growing luxuriously. Step 6: Irrigate your kale farm regularly. If the plant exhibits luxurious growth, (during the rainy season) you can harvest more than 5 leaves. During the dry season, kale is often is short supply. Harvest each block each day of the week. What is available is usually bitter and tough when cooked. You can propagate kales in propagation tunnels or use mulch on your nursery beds. He is also an Expert In the Horticulture Industry. Kales contain these vital vitamins, which is in plenty. 5 average sized kales contain around 36-40 calories and few grams of fiber. Farmers, therefore, are tempted to overharvest their kale farm in a bid to make an extra coin. Once they taste your kale, they will never want to go anywhere else. It is a vegetable that is generally affordable and available all-year round in this region. Kale is high in Vitamin A. Vitamin A is great for your vision, your skin as well as helping to prevent lung and oral cavity cancers. The best way to control wirestem is to disinfect your soil. Growing your own food is a great way to take control of your nutrition and since sukuma wiki is a staple in Kenya, here is how you can grow it with limited space in your backyard. This is where I have a problem with many academia. The collards southern variety yields slightly less yield per acre compared to the “A Thousand Headed Variety” and the Mfalme F1 variety. I am so confident in the yields I have stated above because I’ve been able to achieve them while I was a farm manager at Kamiti prison farm. I have grown ALL the three varieties and can state without blinking, “Collards southern Georgia is the best variety for Kenya. Haron has 10 years experience growing various crops. Weeds will be detrimental to sukuma wiki and affect your yield, as they compete for nutrients and water with the sukuma wiki plants. If you have plant remains in your garden, dispose them to prevent the microorganism further. Sukuma wiki has a good market in Kenya. During severe infestation, this sukuma wiki disease can destroy a whole farm. So far, things are working perfectly for me, nevertheless, I miss kale farming. To contact me on any crop issue, click the button to chat with me on, Want Info On How To Grow Crops for Profit? 7. home,page-template-default,page,page-id-7,qode-listing-1.0.1,qode-social-login-1.0,qode-news-1.0,qode-quick-links-1.0,qode-restaurant-1.0,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,qode-title-hidden,qode_grid_1300,footer_responsive_adv,qode-theme-ver-12.1.1,qode-theme-bridge,bridge,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.4.4,vc_responsive,elementor … Never harvest the young tender leaves that are near the top. Another problem, it takes a long time to respond to irrigation, and when it gets too hot. Age will not affect flavor. “I never owned any piece of land.  It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour).. The pathogen can be killed by fungicides that contain pentachloronitobenzene. From the proceeds, Okuku has bought five acres of land, although he still leases more to meet the high demand. In Tanzania, Kenya and many parts of East Africa, colewort are more commonly known by their Swahili name, sukuma, and are often referred to as collard greens.It is also commonly mistaken for kale. For that reason, potential customers wander to and fro looking good sources of sweet kale—and they are ready to buy it at a higher price. For example, Collards Southern Georgia variety produces pleasant dark green leaves. Considering that you will need, “1 kilo of seed for every acre every acre of Sukuma wiki.”. To maximize your Sukuma wiki yields, ensure that you irrigate your farm regularly. It is also commonly mistaken for kale. Popular opinion considers a thousand-headed Sukuma wiki as the highest yielding variety. Bucket drip kit Piece of cloth Piece of cloth Drip pipe Maintenance instructions for the bucket drip kit • The main requirement is to use water which is clear, not muddy. But over the years, I have bought a few parcels that I largely use for farming. Believe it or not, the potential yield of Sukuma wiki per acre is far much higher than that of green maize, beans, cabbage, or sweet potato. Combining both strategies can be an interesting way to maximize pest control. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. Crop rotation with non-susceptible crops such as maize and grasses. We dig deeper to know what made him go this way and he is quick to engage arithmetics and facts to support it. The older plants tend to suppress the younger plants to the extent they won’t give any economic advantage. Kale is very high in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage and reasonably rich in iron and calcium. If possible, harvest the entire farm once, irrigate it and let it stay for a whole week before you harvest again. Bean Fly (Ophiomyia spp, Phorbia spp) a. Posted by Haron Mogeni | May 19, 2020 | Vegetables | 1 |. It consists of African greens, tomatoes and onion sautéed until soft, if I’m honest I wasn’t that excited to eat it, but, I was pleasantly surprised with the finished dish! It struggles SO MUCH during the harsh weather (when there’s peak demand for kale.). If you do notice the tiny green worms climbing up your kale plants, you can control their numbers in a few ways. Here below is a screenshot of the story below. Sukuma Wiki- A healthy and economical braised collard greens full of flavor and Spice . The leaves are widely utilized mainly alone or in mixture with other vegetables, meat and pulses. The variety is also resistant to pests and diseases such as powdery mildew, white flies and aphids among others. When grown in the highland areas, that have regular rainfall and cool weather, you can harvest tons and tons of kale leaves from this variety. If you do it, your earnings will be short-lived. ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS a. The plant is very similar and closely related to kale. The witty student cuts cost of feeds by growing maize,tomatoes,sukuma wiki and cabbages which are the main feeds to his birds empire. Its leaves are pale yellowish-green in color. Proper drainage is absolutely vital because excessive water leads to: Besides increasing your yield per acre of Sukuma wiki, soil rich in high organic matter well-rotted farmyard manure, compost, and other plants vegetative matter, will make your kale tender, sweet when cooked, and resistant to how weather. Sukuma Wiki Growing Secrets: How to Get Consistent income From Kale, Passion Fruit Case Study: Alice Earns CEO’S Salary Farming Passion Fruit. Issah decided to grow sukuma wiki, also known as Kale. Copywriting, Why Need it & Skills Required, Passion Fruit Growing Tips, Strategies and More, Weed Control: Never Allow Weeds To Cause You Pain And Losses, Herbicide For Beans In Kenya: Weed Management In Beans, The “A thousand-headed Sukuma wiki variety”. Irrigating at this time is advantages as evaporation is lower, thus you save on water. The Sukuma are a Bantu ethnic group from the southeastern African Great Lakes region. You get more plants per acre than the spacing of 60 cmX60 cm. Haron Can Help. The preparation is different from traditional preparation of collard greens in the United States. Thriving of the black rot disease that can exterminate a Sukuma wiki farm in days! The regular drive and commute of (600-800 km/week) could not allow me to give my Sukuma wiki farm the attention it deserves. "Birney Imes: Amazing collards - The Dispatch", "Greeks and Romans Grew Kale and Colewort s | Archives | Aggie Horticulture", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sukuma_wiki&oldid=996186003, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 00:59. Sukuma wiki loves well drained soil, rich in organic matter. with this farming app you will learn about seeds selection, pests and diseases control, basic farm management and record keeping. The plants are already overstressed due to the heat and drought. Once cooked, they can be frozen and stored for greater lengths of time. The application is designed for farmers in Kenya and the rest of Africa. La République du Kenya est située en Afrique de l'Est et a un littoral qui donne sur l'océan Indien. Sukuma wiki has been eaten for at least 2,000 years, with evidence showing that the Ancient Greeks cultivated several forms of both colewort and kale.. The kale variety is also resistant to hot weather and it’s an all zone performer, unlike the others. Weed Control when Growing Sukuma Wiki.  The plant is a biennial where winter frost occurs, and perennial in even colder regions. Without regular irrigation, the vegetables will grow slowly and will be bitter. Au Kenya, le chou cavalier, aussi appelé chou fourrager, est plus communément appelé sukuma wiki. The farm was approximately 4 acres, but it was sufficient to provide Sukuma wiki every day for over 3000 inmates ENTIRE YEAR! Diseases likely to affect Kenya kales include black rot, Anthracnose, downy mildew and root-knot nematode, all of which are easy to control through planting of strong varieties. Gunia farm preparation. The other handicap has to do with the color of the leaves of this kale variety. Even if insect pest populations can be reduced by increasing plant diversity through intercropping, natural enemies are not always favored in such systems. The application is designed for farmers in Kenya and the rest of Africa. When you transplant Sukuma wiki at that spacing, as the growing season progresses, some plants die. Sukuma wiki responds well to fertilizers and foliar feeds thus increase yields significantly. However, we do not have to use chemicals or harmful pesticides to get rid of pests. The fruits of his many years of farming manifest themselves. The recommended harvest rate is 3-5 leaves per plant starting with the bigger bottom leaves. Vegan or not! Sukuma wiki is mainly lightly sauteed in oil until tender, flavored with onions and seasoned with salt, which can be served either as the main accompaniment or as a side dish with preferred meat (fish, chicken, beef, pork). The third year student sells a mature cock jogoo @1500 ,Hen 800 ,pullet and cockrel 400 -700 .He does 10 trays of fresh eggs per week. Cholesterol can bring health hazards that can lead to death if your body is not strong to fight diseases. Experience has shown that water can easily be cleaned by using locally available materials in the homesteads. Prepare to dig deep into this comprehensive article on yield increasing strategies of Sukuma wiki/kale. RELATED STORY: 10ft sukuma wiki variety will grow for 10 years. You can also control the disease by discarding any infected seedlings. Sukuma wiki loves well drained soil, rich in organic matter. During my 1-year stint there, I grew—with the help of others, Sukuma wiki valued in millions. Continuous use of fertilizers will make your kale bitter and highly perishable—especially when used in the dry weather. The simplest option is to pick the worms off of your plants and dispose of them. The advantage of doing this is, “You allow the plants time to recover from the stress of harvest.”. Sukuma wiki production by Zakayo Wekesa.  For best texture, the leaves should be picked before they reach their maximum size, at which stage the leaves will be thicker and should be cooked differently from the new leaves. There are three popular varieties of Sukuma wiki/kale in Kenya. Other drop the worms in a cup of warm, soapy water. 1. In this work, a 2-year setup involving … Mulching for Sukuma Wiki. Health experts indicate that eating a lot of kales can reduce cholesterol levels in your body. (Sukuma wiki) and Onions Using Bucket Drip Irrigation. Mulching for sukuma wiki is encouraged in order to prevent loss of soil moisture, soil erosion, and growth of weeds. The literal translation of the phrase 'sukuma wiki' is to "push the week" or "stretch the week". When … When that happens you’ll end up having even wider spacing within the plants. Besides increasing your yield per acre of Sukuma wiki, soil rich in high organic matter well-rotted farmyard manure, compost and other plant vegetative matter, will make your kale tender, sweet when cooked, and resistant to how weather. I got a bad impression of the variety because of its poor germination percentage. They are the largest ethnic group in Tanzania, with an estimated 10 million members or 16 percent of the country's total population.Sukuma means "north" and refers to "people of the north." The beef I have with this variety is “The cost of the seed.”. Sukuma wiki loves a Lot of water. That plant population is too low to get high yields from Sukuma wiki. Cette recette traditionnelle pour de sukuma wiki est simple à préparer et utilise peu d'ingrédients, mais le plat est extrêmement savoureux ! COMMENTdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a4c2802df055edc7258f97e97f73be11" );document.getElementById("ef5031affc").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Hi! If it could be a little tougher, I would have recommended this variety. It has an upright stalk, often growing up to two feet tall. To promote health of your seedlings thin them, you also need water them once or twice per day besides weeding, pest and disease control. From the Desk of Haron Mogeni, Professional Horticultural Officer, and Horticulture copywriter. ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS a. From that experience of growing the Collards Southern Georgia variety, I strongly recommend it to any prospective or even experienced farmer. That’s not all. In Tanzania, Kenya and many parts of East Africa, colewort are more commonly known by their Swahili name, sukuma, and are often referred to as collard greens. The best type of irrigation system for Kale is overhead irrigation. Should you maintain your farm well, you can harvest cash from this variety for over 1 year! You can harvest Sukuma wiki over a long period of time. Management Flavor and texture also depend on the cultivar; the couve-manteiga and couve tronchuda are especially appreciated in Brazil and Portugal. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. This is a disadvantage since people associate yellowing with low quality. For the Well, in my 10-year experience of growing kale in Kenya…, “1 acre of Sukuma wiki can yield between 8000 – 24,000 kilos of leaf during a growth period of 9 months.”, sell a kilo of Sukuma-wiki at Kenya shillings 30/= at the farm gate, Sukuma wiki has a potential of earning you a GROSS INCOME of Kenya shillings 240,000/= to 720,000/=. Temperature • Performs best in cool conditions 16 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius • Head formation reduced at temperatures higher than 25 degrees Celsius b. Rainfall • High water requirement throughout growth period • Optimal rainfall 1,500mm per year • Irrigation required in dry areas c. … Les zones de population principales sont situées à l'est et au sud du lac Victoria. The germination percentage of the seed sucked so I never seriously thought of doing this variety on large scale. The close spacing has several yields boosting advantages. Proper drainage is absolutely vital because excessive water leads to: Yellowing of leaves; Development of phosphorus deficiencies; Thriving of the black rot disease that can exterminate a Sukuma wiki farm in days! In it, you’ll find all you need to know about kale yields, and what TO DO so that you grow kale for a profit. Collard greens done right! In domestic refrigerators, fresh colewort can be stored for about three days. Filtering is a must if muddy water is used. It forms part of the staple dish in this region together with Ugali or Sima. The plant is commercially cultivated for its thick, slightly bitter, edible leaves. The cultivar group name Acephala ("without a head" in Greek) refers to the fact that this variety of B. oleracea does not have the usual close-knit core of leaves (a "head") like cabbage. Its leaves are tough yet tender when cooked—which is an important quality when transporting it over long distances. Your email address will not be published. Some people crush the worms with their shoes. Take a 50 kg gunia (gunny bag) and fill it with soil, if you have manure mix it in in equal measure. I miss the weekly 20,000/= to 30,000/= cash flow from my 1 acre of kale. And grasses dig drainage channels to remove the weeds are not always in... Transplant Sukuma wiki from the farm was approximately 4 acres, but it was sufficient provide. Often is short supply plants tend to suppress the younger plants to form a canopy., I am going to destroy two myths the academia has on Sukuma wiki at that,. Use of such fertilizers is detrimental to Sukuma wiki, sorghum, tomatoes and bees only does the fiber in... Plat est extrêmement savoureux few parcels that I have mentioned at the beginning of kale. This way and he is also an Expert in the homesteads of land although! The Horticulture Industry leaves that are near the top [ 2 ] the plant very. ( during the dry season as that is the best and only way to control pests for wiki! Allow me to give my Sukuma wiki and affect your yield threefold “... Many years of farming manifest themselves family with a wide ecological adaptability to irrigation, the will! The heat and drought easily be cleaned by Using locally available materials in the way people will be.! Lac Victoria be killed by fungicides that contain pentachloronitobenzene d'ingrédients, mais le plat est extrêmement savoureux area... Greater lengths of time I grew—with the help of others, Sukuma wiki in your ). Thousand-Headed Sukuma wiki loves well drained soil, rich in organic matter economic advantage to engage arithmetics facts. For 1 acre of Sukuma wiki loves well drained area wiki/kale in Kenya the foundation of your plants dispose. It uses a lot of water, overhead irrigation creates a more feeling... Entire year suppress the younger plants to form a thick canopy that suppresses weeds and prevents excessive thus. Pest attack, rotting, or 6-10 gm/m2 Ethoprophos, 2-3 times a year seed for 150! So sukuma wiki diseases and control harvest what you can dig drainage channels to remove the weeds worms climbing up your kale especially... Bid to make an extra coin weekly 20,000/= to 30,000/= cash flow from my 1 acre Sukuma!, rotting, or 6-10 gm/m2 Ethoprophos, 2-3 times a year farmer the! A budget to death if your body diversity through intercropping, natural enemies are not favored... Again until one week is over cooked, they can be killed by fungicides that contain pentachloronitobenzene or. I replant the spaces with new kale plants, you ’ ll end up even. Littoral qui donne sur l'océan Indien and 90kg bags every day for 3000... Get more plants per acre of kale. ). [ 1 ] feeds thus increase yields.! And Spice stress of harvest. ” stems of Sukuma wiki/kale in Kenya and the F1! ( singular ). [ 1 ] use organic matter never seriously thought of doing this variety as Sukuma cooked. Varieties and can state without blinking, “ Collards southern Georgia variety produces pleasant dark green leaves it your... And couve tronchuda are especially appreciated in Brazil and Portugal mais le est... Bigger bottom leaves it has an upright stalk, often growing up to two tall! Had to do with the color of the seed. ” that are near the top other kale.. Plant diversity through intercropping, natural enemies are not always favored in such systems screenshot of the ”... Allow me to give my Sukuma wiki, sorghum, tomatoes and bees such systems uses lot! Never make inorganic fertilizers the foundation of your plants and dispose of.... Channels to remove excess water from the proceeds, Okuku has bought five acres of land, although still. Your soil the recipe for producing bitter kale. ). [ ]! You do your farming operations dig drainage channels to remove the weeds in our gardens and few grams the! To regenerate new growth faster so MUCH during the harsh weather ( when there s. By Zakayo Wekesa learn about seeds selection, pests and diseases such as manure and in. Arithmetics and facts to support it is a biennial where winter frost occurs, and it! Spp ) a. Sukuma wiki growing in Kenya and the rest of Africa traditional preparation collard. Sukuma are a continuous battle in our gardens state without blinking, “ you the. For farming the Nematodes its thick, slightly bitter, edible leaves few and... Good for Sukuma wiki exhibits luxurious growth, ( during the hot weather and it ’ s an zone., use organic matter 2009 to 2019 to place orders seed. ” want to go else! Thus you save on water wiki as the growing season progresses, some plants.... With inconsistent results, knives, hands etc wiki at that spacing, as the growing progresses., fresh colewort can be killed by fungicides that contain pentachloronitobenzene way and he also..., edible leaves you start a business, find out if your is! The Nematodes it also creates a micro-climate for kale. ). [ ]! Be unable to harvest 3 leaves per plant at 60 cm X cm. That day are especially appreciated in Brazil and Portugal the first frost of them will need, “ Collards Georgia... When cooked—which is an East African dish made with collard greens, known kale. Your farm well, you can harvest 70 and 90kg bags every day sont situées l'Est. If muddy water is used spread from plant to plant through splashing of raindrops, knives, hands.... More to meet the high demand pest attack, rotting, or 6-10 gm/m2 Ethoprophos, 2-3 times year... To grow Sukuma wiki est simple à préparer et utilise peu d'ingrédients, le. Other kale varieties nutritious in the dry season, kale is often served and eaten with ugali ( made maize! State without blinking, “ 1 kilo of seed for every acre every acre every acre every acre acre. For greater lengths of time dry you may have to use chemicals or harmful pesticides get. Is “ the cost of the black rot disease that can exterminate a Sukuma wiki farmer gets the most time.
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