Read more about Madhavsinh Solanki, man who dominated Gujarat politics before BJP's rise on Business Standard. , Meanwhile, the central government changed and Indian National Congress came to power after 2004 Lok Sabha elections. Rajiv Gandhi government lost 1989 polls but Bofors guns won Kargil war 10 years later. On 12 July 2013, Quattrochi died of a heart attack in Milan. 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Though it was widely believed that V. P. Singh resigned from Rajiv Gandhi's cabinet due to the Bofors scandal, Singh clarified that he had resigned due to differences in the cabinet in commissions taken by Indian agents in the HDW submarine deal (Shishumar class), Middlemen were employed in arms deals in India, both during the British Raj as well as in independent India, and commissions were paid to them under various headings and guises. 60 crores to top Indian politicians, members of the Congress party and key defence officials to seal the deal. , On 24 March 1986, a $285 million contract between the Government of India and Swedish arms company Bofors was signed for supply of 410 155 mm Howitzer field guns.  The scandal relates to illegal kickbacks paid in a US$1.4-billion deal between the Swedish arms manufacturer Bofors with the government of India for the sale of 410 field howitzer guns, and a supply contract almost twice that amount. On 5 February 2004 even before Indian National Congress came to power in India, the Delhi High Court quashed the charges of bribery against Rajiv Gandhi and others, On 31 May 2005, the Delhi High Court dismissed the allegations against the British business brothers, Srichand, Gopichand and Prakash Hinduja, but charges against others remain. The middleman associated with the scandal was Ottavio Quattrocchi, an Italian businessman who represented the petrochemicals firm Snamprogetti. He passed away on July 13, 2013. Known to be an honest officer, Madhavan had been involved in the investigations into several high-profile cases, including securities scam, Bofors and the Bhopal gas tragedy.  As a result of the revelations, the Indian government blacklisted Bofors in 1987, preventing the company from doing business in India.. NEW DELHI: Former CBI joint director K Madhavan (83) passed away on Saturday in New Delhi. In an interview with her, published in The Hoot in April 2012 on the 25th anniversary of the revelations, Sten Lindstrom, former chief of Swedish police, discussed why he leaked the documents to her and the role of whistle-blowers in a democracy. The lifting of the ban came during the Kargil War, when the Bofors guns proved to be efficient but were crippled by a shortage of spare parts. For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App.  In 1997, the Swiss banks released some 500 documents after years of legal battle.  However, none of the newspapers in India were aware of this. The investigations revealed flouting of rules and bypassing of institutions. However, this was reversed by Supreme Court of India on 7 July 2003. Read | Bofors case to be reopened? The Bofors Scandal. The Bofors scandal was a major weapons-contract political scandal that occurred between India and Sweden during the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Indian National Congress politicians and implicating the Indian prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi, and several other members of the Indian and Swedish governments who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB, a bank principally financed by the Wallenberg family's Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, for winning a bid to supply to India their 155 mm field howitzer. I think all you know about Alfred Nobel, who has introduced prestigious Noble prize, was owned the company for over two years. , The case came into light during Vishwanath Pratap Singh's tenure as defence minister, and was revealed through investigative journalism tipped off by a Reuters news revelation on Swedish radio, followed up by a team led by N. Ram of the newspaper The Hindu. , In his book, Unknown Facets of Rajiv Gandhi, Jyoti Basu and Indrajit Gupta, released in November 2013, former CBI director Dr A P Mukherjee wrote that Rajiv Gandhi wanted commission paid by defence suppliers to be used exclusively for the purpose of meeting expenses of running the Congress party.  However, as per Sten Lindstrom, the former head of Swedish police, who led the investigations, they did not find anything to suggest that payments had been received by Rajiv Gandhi. The first charge sheet in the case was filed on October 22, 1999, against Chadda, Ottavio Quattrocchi, the then defence secretary S K Bhatnagar, Ardbo and the Bofors company. Finally, withdrawal of its case against Quattrocchi. The British government released the funds later.  This led to high levels of corruption, and payments being made to politicians, bureaucrats and defence personnel to influence decisions. 1,500 crore. Long back in 1986 India's defence ministry bought Howitzers for its army's artillery units from this manufacturer for Rs. It was the biggest arms deal ever in Sweden, and money marked for development projects was diverted to secure this contract at any cost. In 1999, the Indian government lifted its blacklist on Bofors. May 11, 2012: 25 yrs after Bofors, army buys howitzers for 3000 cr In first after Bofors, army buys howitzers for 3000 cr The scale of the corruption was far worse than any that Sweden and India had seen before and directly led to the defeat of Gandhi's ruling Indian National Congress party in the November 1989 general elections. A master strategist whose famous "KHAM" formula ensured a landslide victory for the Congress in 1985, Madhavsinh Solanki was a formidable politician The scandal rocked the Rajiv Gandhi-led government in the late 1980s.